A multispecies investigation of the strain rate sensitivity of the modulus of cortical bone
Blast Impact and Survivability Research Unit (BISRU), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Cape Town, South Africa
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 September 2021
The stiffness of cortical bone shows both inter- and intra-species variation. Currently, it is unclear whether this variation is due to differing testing protocols or an inherent feature of the material. Additionally, there is a lack of literature dealing with species other than human and bovine, particularly in the intermediate strain rate regime. In this study, cortical bone specimens were machined from the femurs of four species: baboon, crocodile, sheep and ostrich. Specimens were tested in the quasi-static and intermediate strain rate regimes using consistent testing protocols implemented by a single researcher. The results show a similar strain rate dependence for all species, i.e. the modulus shows negligible rate effects in the quasi-static regime, but a significant increase when moving to intermediate strain rates. This suggests that while the stiffness of the bone is species dependent, the effect of strain rate may be species independent. The observed intra- and inter-species variation is less than that reported in literature, highlighting the importance of a consistent testing protocol in multi-species studies.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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