Higgs analysis with quantum classifiers
1 Institute of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
2 Faculty of Sciences, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
3 CERN, 1, Esplanade des Particules, Geneva, CH 1211
4 Department of Computer Science, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
5 Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 23 August 2021
We have developed two quantum classifier models for the ttH classification problem, both of which fall into the category of hybrid quantumclassical algorithms for Noisy Intermediate Scale Quantum devices (NISQ). Our results, along with other studies, serve as a proof of concept that Quantum Machine Learning (QML) methods can have similar or better performance, in specific cases of low number of training samples, with respect to conventional ML methods even with a limited number of qubits available in current hardware. To utilise algorithms with a low number of qubits — to accommodate for limitations in both simulation hardware and real quantum hardware — we investigated different feature reduction methods. Their impact on the performance of both the classical and quantum models was assessed. We addressed different implementations of two QML models, representative of the two main approaches to supervised quantum machine learning today: a Quantum Support Vector Machine (QSVM), a kernel-based method, and a Variational Quantum Circuit (VQC), a variational approach.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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