Ethernet evaluation in data distribution traffic for the LHCb filtering farm at CERN
CERN 1211 Geneva 23, Switzerland
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Published online: 23 August 2021
This paper evaluates the real-time distribution of data over Ethernet for the upgraded LHCb data acquisition cluster at CERN. The system commissioning ends in 2021 and its total estimated input throughput is 32 Terabits per second. After the events are assembled, they must be distributed for further data selection to the filtering farm of the online trigger. High-throughput and very low overhead transmissions will be an essential feature of such a system. In this work RoCE (Remote Direct Memory Access over Converged Ethernet) high-throughput Ethernet protocol and Ethernet flow control algorithms have been used to implement lossless event distribution. To generate LHCb-like traffic, a custom benchmark has been implemented. It was used to stress-test the selected Ethernet networks and to check resilience to uneven workload distribution. Performance tests were made with selected evaluation clusters. 100 Gb/s and 25 Gb/s links were used. Performance results and overall evaluation of this Ethernet-based approach are discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.