TANGRA multidetector systems for investigation of neutron-nuclear reactions at the JINR Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics
1 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Joliot-Curie str., 6, 141980 Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
2 Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE) of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS), Tzarigradsko Chaussee Blvd. 72, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria
3 Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP), Lomonosov Moscow States University, Lenin Hills 1, 119991 Moscow, Russia
4 Azerbaijan Institute of Geology and Geophysics of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, H. Javid Av. 119, Baku AZ1143, Azerbaijan
5 Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Republic of Moldova, Academic str. 3, MD-2028, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
6 Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi – 221005, India
7 School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xianning West Road, Xi’an, Shaanxi, 710049, P.R. China
8 All-Russia Research Institute of Automation (VNIIA), P.O. Box 918, 101000 Moscow, Russia
Published online: 15 December 2021
In the framework of TANGRA-project at the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics of the Joint Institute for Nuclear research in Dubna (Russia), two experimental setups (Fig. 1) have been designed and tested for investigation of 14-MeV neutron-induced nuclear reactions on a number of important for nuclear science and engineering isotopes. As a source of 14-MeV “tagged” neutrons we are using the VNIIA ING-27 steady-state portable neutron generator with embedded in its vacuum tube 64-pixel charge-particle detector. The “Romashka” system is an array of up-to 24 hexagonal NaI(Tl)-crystal scintillation probes, while the “Romasha” array consists of 18 cylindrical BGO-crystal detectors of neutrons and gamma-rays. In addition to these detectors there is a HPGe gamma-ray spectrometer and a number of Stilbene detectors that can be added for high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry and neutron-gamma detection. The main characteristics of the neutron-induced nuclear reaction products can be investigated by commissioning the detectors in suitable for these experiments’ geometries. Both setups can be used for doing basic and applied scientific research, because they permit simultaneously to measure the energy, angle and multiplicity distributions of gamma-rays and neutrons, produced in the competitive neutron-induced nuclear reactions (n, n’γ), (n,2n), (n, xnγ) and (n, f) in pure or complex substances.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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