Mass Estimation of Planck Galaxy Clusters using Deep Learning
1 Departamento de Física Teórica M-8 and CIAFF, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049, Madrid, Spain
2 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh, EH9 3HJ, UK
3 Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
4 Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Universitá di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 5-00185 Roma, Italy
5 EURANOVA, Mont-Saint-Guibert, Belgium
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 17 January 2022
Galaxy cluster masses can be inferred indirectly using measurements from X-ray band, Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect signal or optical observations. Unfortunately, all of them are affected by some bias. Alternatively, we provide an independent estimation of the cluster masses from the Planck PSZ2 catalog of galaxy clusters using a machine-learning method. We train a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model with the mock SZ observations from The Three Hundred (the300) hydrodynamic simulations to infer the cluster masses from the real maps of the Planck clusters. The advantage of the CNN is that no assumption on a priory symmetry in the cluster’s gas distribution or no additional hypothesis about the cluster physical state are made. We compare the cluster masses from the CNN model with those derived by Planck and conclude that the presence of a mass bias is compatible with the simulation results.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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