Characterizing the bulk and turbulent gas motions in galaxy clusters
1 IRAP, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPS, CNES, Toulouse, France
2 Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Ch. d’Ecogia 16, CH-1290 Versoix, Switzerland
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 17 January 2022
The most massive halos of matter in the Universe grow via accretion and merger events throughout cosmic times. These violent processes generate shocks at many scales and induce large-scale bulk and turbulent motions. These processes inject kinetic energy at large scales, which is transported to the viscous dissipation scales, contributing to the overall heating and virialisation of the halo, and acting as a source of non-thermal pressure in the intra-cluster medium. Characterizing the physical properties of these gas motions will help us to better understand the assembly of massive halos, hence the formation and the evolution of these large-scale structures. We base this characterization on the study of the X-ray and Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect brightness fluctuations. Our work relies on three complementary samples covering a wide range of red-shifts, masses and dynamical states of clusters. We present the results of our X-ray analysis for the low redshift sample, X-COP, and a subsample of higher redshift clusters. We investigate the derived properties according to the dynamical state of our clusters, and the possibility of a self-similar behaviour based on the reconstructed gas motions power-spectra and the correlation with various morphological indicators.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.