Abelian Dirac-type monopoles and the dual Meissner effect in QCD
1 Institute of Physics, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan
2 Department of Mathematics and Physics, Kochi University, Kochi 780-8520, Japan
3 Library and Information Technology, Kochi University, Kochi 780-8520, Japan
4 RCNP, Osaka University, Ibaraki Osaka 567-0047, Japan
Published online: 11 January 2022
We investigate the Abelian dual Meissner effect due to violation of the non-Abelian Bianchi identity in SU (3) gauge thoery without gauge fixing. To decide the vacuum type, we evaluate the Ginzburg-Landau parameter from the spatial distribution of color electric fields and squared monopole density. Although the study is done only on 24 (40)3 × 4 lattice at β = 5.6, the SU (3) vacuum is found to be of the type 1 near the border of type 1 and type 2. We also confirm the dual Ampere’s law directly.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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