Hadrons as QCD Bound States
Department of Physics, POB 64, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
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Published online: 11 January 2022
Bound state perturbation theory is well established for QED atoms. Today the hyperfine splitting of Positronium is known to 𝒪 (α7 log α). Whereas standard expansions of scattering amplitudes start from free states, bound states are expanded around eigenstates of the Hamiltonian including a binding potential. The eigenstate wave functions have all powers of α, requiring a choice in the ordering of the perturbative expansion. Temporal (A0 = 0) gauge permits an expansion starting from valence Fock states, bound by their instantaneous gauge field. This formulation is applicable in any frame and seems promising even for hadrons in QCD. The 𝒪(αs0) confining potential is determined (up to a universal scale) by a homogeneous solution of Gauss’ law.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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