Robust, distributed and optimal control of smart grids
Jan C. Willems Center for Systems and Control, Engineering and Technology Institute Groningen, Fac. Science and Engineering, University of Groningen Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia via Ferrata 5, 271001 Pavia, Italy
Published online: 22 November 2022
These lecture notes provide an overview of recent research on the modeling and control of smart grids using distributed algorithms. In particular, energy-based modeling of general AC power networks using the framework of port-Hamiltonian systems theory is presented, and the relevance of such a formulation for stability analysis and control design is discussed. Low-level control design aspects (at a physical layer) for DC microgrids are also considered, achieving objectives such as fair load sharing among distributed generation units and (average) voltage regulation using limited data and measurements from the system. Finally, general frameworks for the optimal control of smart grids are introduced to consider both physical and economic constraints and exploit the flexibility brought up by storage devices and demand response from the grid’s prosumers.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.