Flow inside impeller sidewall gaps and disk friction of radial centrifugal pump
1 Victor Kaplan Dept. of Fluid Eng., Faculty of Mech. Eng., Brno University of Technology, Technická 2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
2 National Research University Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow 111250, Russia
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Published online: 24 October 2022
Disk friction losses can significantly influence the overall pump effciency. It is most pronounced in the case of machines with low or moderate specific speed, which has to be kept in mind during a design process of a pump. However, analyses using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) often completely neglect the sidewall gaps geometry. Correctly solved flow in the sidewall gaps can have a great impact on the whole flow pattern inside the pump and therefore it can considerably influence the calculated effciency. The paper is focused on the precise simulation of the flow in the spaces between impeller shrouds and casing. CFD study using embedded Large Eddy Simulation (LES) approach in order to achieve accurate insight into the flow in sidewall gaps and reasonable computational time was performed. Obtained results are compared with data from experimental measurements.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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