Neutron captures in stellar nucleosynthesis
1 INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico d’Abruzzo, via Maggini snc, 64100, Teramo, Italy
2 INFN - Sezione di Perugia, via A. Pascoli snc, 06126, Perugia, italy
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Published online: 3 February 2023
Apart from cosmological hydrogen and helium, chemical elements in the Universe are produced in stars, during both quiescent and explosive phases. The Sun chemical distribution witnesses the pollution from already extinct stellar generations at different epochs before the Solar System formation. The two major nucleosynthesis processes responsible for the formation of elements heavier than iron are the slow neutron capture process (the s-process) and the rapid neutron capture process (the r-process). A third, less common, nucleosynthesis channel is related to the intermediate neutron capture process (the i-process), whose existence is not ascertained yet. Finally, a few proton-rich isotopes are created by the p-process. I will show their characteristics and the stellar sites where they are at work.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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