Development of low-loss minimal exposure technique for thallium foil fabrication
1 Stable Isotope Materials and Chemistry Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
2 Health and Safety Programs Group, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
* Jennifer Conner: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 22 June 2023
Despite its availability as a solid bead or ingot, non-isotopic thallium metal is no longer commercially produced as a foil because of its high toxicity. To conduct fundamental studies on the material, the Stable Isotope Materials and Chemistry Group (SIMC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was approached to develop a safe method to process thallium and produce 40 non-isotopic thallium foils. The commercially sourced metal was consolidated into an ingot by melting the material in a special tube furnace under a reducing atmosphere. The resulting ingot was cold rolled using a work-hardened, stainless-steel pack and oil lubricant before cutting the final foils to 2.5 × 2.5 cm2 area and thickness of 50–75 mg/cm2. The appropriate safeguards used at each step are outlined to ensure the safe and consistent production of high-quality foils. The low-loss process enables future requests for isotopic thallium and other hazardous and rare materials.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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