Numerical simulations of energy transfer in two collisionless interpenetrating plasmas
1 Univ. Bordeaux – CNRS – CEA, CELIA, UMR 5107, 33405 Talence Cedex, France
2 P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Published online: 15 November 2013
Ion stream instabilities are essential for collisionless shock formation as seen in astrophysics. Weakly relativistic shocks are considered as candidates for sources of high energy cosmic rays. Laboratory experiments may provide a better understanding of this phenomenon. High intensity short pulse laser systems are opening possibilities for efficient ion acceleration to high energies. Their collision with a secondary target could be used for collisionless shock formation. In this paper, using particle-in-cell simulations we are studying interaction of a sub-relativistic, laser created proton beam with a secondary gas target. We show that the ion bunch initiates strong electron heating accompanied by the Weibel-like filamentation and ion energy losses. The energy repartition between ions, electrons and magnetic fields are investigated. This yields insight on the processes occurring in the interstellar medium (ISM) and gamma-ray burst afterglows.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
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