Microstructural description of shear-thickening suspensions
1 Benjamin Levich Institute, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, The City College of New York, New York, NY 10031
Published online: 30 June 2017
Dynamic particle-scale numerical simulations are used to study the variation of microstructure with shear stress during shear thickening in dense non-Brownian suspensions. The microscale information is used to characterize the differences between the shear thickened (frictional) and non-thickened (lubricated, frictionless) states. Here, we focus on the force and contact networks and study the evolution of associated anisotropies with increase in shear stress. The force and contact networks are both more isotropic in the shear-thickened state than in non-thickened state. We also find that both force and structural anisotropies are rate independent for both low and high stress, while they are rate (or stress) dependent for the intermediate stress range where the shear thickening occurs. This behavior is similar to the evolution of viscosity with increasing stress, showing a clear correlation between the microstructure and the macroscopic rheology.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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