Experimental study of erosion by suffusion at the micro-macro scale
1 Irstea, RECOVER Research Unit, Aix-en-Provence, France, France
2 Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, Mexico
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 30 June 2017
Internal erosion is a complex phenomenon which represents one of the main sources of risk to the safety of earth hydraulic structures such as embankment dams, dikes and levees. Its occurrence may cause instability and failure of these structures with consequences that can be dramatic. Erosion by suffusion corresponds to the process of detachment and transport, under the action of hydraulic flow, of the finest soil particles within the porous media formed mainly of large grains. Its occurrence usually causes change of the initial microstructure and hence a change in the physical, hydraulic and mechanical characteristics of the soil. In this study, we present first an experimental characterization of the erosion mechanism during its occurrence within a granular soil. Particular emphasis was put on the role of hydraulic conditions in triggering of fines migration. Thereafter, we present a preliminary microstructural characterization of the erosion process through direct visualization by optical techniques of particles migration using crushed glass samples as model materials.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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