A Rapid Method for Measuring Strontium-90 Activity in Crops in China
1 University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
2 Environmental Radiation Surveillance Center, Environmental Protection Department of Anhui Province, Hefei, China
3 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA
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Published online: 25 September 2017
A rapid method for measuring Sr-90 activity in crop ashes is presented. Liquid scintillation counting, combined with ion exchange columns 4‘, 4“(5“)-di-t-butylcyclohexane-18-crown-6, is used to determine the activity of Sr-90 in crops. The yields of chemical procedure are quantified using gravimetric analysis. The conventional method that uses ion-exchange resin with HDEHP could not completely remove all the bismuth when comparatively large lead and bismuth exist in the samples. This is overcome by the rapid method. The chemical yield of this method is about 60% and the MDA for Sr-90 is found to be 2:32 Bq/kg. The whole procedure together with using spectrum analysis to determine the activity only takes about one day, which is really a large improvement compared with the conventional method. A modified conventional method is also described here to verify the value of the rapid one. These two methods can meet di_erent needs of daily monitoring and emergency situation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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