Activation of Dosimeters Used in qa of Medical Linear Accelerators
Department of Medical Physics University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland NU-MED Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Centre Katowice, Poland email@example.com
Department of Medical Physics University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Department of Medical Physics Lower Silesian Centre of Oncology, Wrocław, Poland
Published online: 25 September 2017
This paper presents the first results of a project intended to investigate γ-radiation activity induced in dosimeters used in clinical practice during routine quality assurance of high-energy photon beams emitted by electron linear accelerators. Two aspects of the activation via photonuclear reactions (X, n) of therapeutic beam and subsequent capture of secondary neutrons (n,γ) are under considerations: the influence of activation on intrinsic background of the dosimeters and exposure of dosimetrists who operate this equipment. The activation of several types of ionization chambers as well as the silicon diodes was studied after long-time exposure (10 000 MUs) of the 15 MV photon beam (Elekta Synergy). Photon fluxes obtained from spectra of γ-rays registered by HPGe spectrometer were subsequently converted to equivalent doses using appropriate coefficients. The main contribution to the induced activity comes from the neutron capture process on Al, Mn and Cu, therefore it decays quite fast with the half-lives of the order of 15 minutes. Nevertheless, the activation of chlorine was also observed. The estimated equivalent doses to skin and eye lens were in the range 0.19 – 0.62 μSv/min. However, no influence on intrinsic background signal of all studied dosimeters was observed. The preliminary results indicate that induced radioactivity of dosimeters is strongly influenced by therapeutic beam quality and neutron source strength of particular linac. This dependence will be studied deeper in order to quantify it more precisely.
Key words: Induced radioactivity / gamma radiation / medical accelerators / ionization chambers / silicon diodes / equivalent doses.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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