Residual activity evaluation: a benchmark between ANITA, FISPACT, FLUKA and PHITS codes
1 Ansaldo Nucleare, Corso Perrone 25, Genova, Italy, 16152
2 Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e. V., Bautzner Landstraße 400, Dresden, Germany, 01328
3 Agenzia Nazionale per le Nuove tecnologie, l’Energia e lo Sviluppo economico sostenibile, Via Martiri Monte Sole 4, Bologna, Italy, 40129
* Corresponding author: Gabriele.Firpo@ann.ansaldoenergia.com
Published online: 25 September 2017
The activity of residual nuclides dictates the radiation fields in periodic inspections/repairs (maintenance periods) and dismantling operations (decommissioning phase) of accelerator facilities (i.e., medical, industrial, research) and nuclear reactors. Therefore, the correct prediction of the material activation allows for a more accurate planning of the activities, in line with the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principles. The scope of the present work is to show the results of a comparison between residual total specific activity versus a set of cooling time instants (from zero up to 10 years after irradiation) as obtained by two analytical (FISPACT and ANITA) and two Monte Carlo (FLUKA and PHITS) codes, making use of their default nuclear data libraries. A set of ~40 irradiating scenarios is considered, i.e. neutron and proton particles of different energies, ranging from zero to many hundreds MeV, impinging on pure elements or materials of standard composition typically used in industrial applications (namely, AISI SS316 and Portland concrete). In some cases, experimental results were also available for a more thorough benchmark.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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