Comparison of thick-target (alpha,n) yield calculation codes
1 Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 2695-066 Bobadela, Portugal
2 Innovation Technology Centre for the PRORYV Project, ROSATOM, 107140 Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 25 September 2017
Neutron production yields and energy distributions from (α,n) reactions in light elements were calculated using three different codes (SOURCES, NEDIS and USD) and compared with the existing experimental data in the 3.5-10 MeV alpha energy range. SOURCES and NEDIS display an agreement between calculated and measured yields in the decay series of 235U, 238U and 232Th within ±10% for most materials. The discrepancy increases with alpha energy but still an agreement of ±20% applies to all materials with reliable elemental production yields (the few exceptions are identified). The calculated neutron energy distributions describe the experimental data, with NEDIS retrieving very well the detailed features. USD generally underestimates the measured yields, in particular for compounds with heavy elements and/or at high alpha energies. The energy distributions exhibit sharp peaks that do not match the observations. These findings may be caused by a poor accounting of the alpha particle energy loss by the code. A big variability was found among the calculated neutron production yields for alphas from Sm decay; the lack of yield measurements for low (~2 MeV) alphas does not allow to conclude on the codes’ accuracy in this energy region.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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