Investigation of Spalling Damage in Ultra-High Performance Concrete Through X-ray Computed Tomography
Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP,
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2018
Ultra-high performance concretes (UHPC) are increasingly used to build protective structures such as headquarters, nuclear power plants or critical civil engineering structures. However, under impact or contact detonation, concrete is exposed to high-rate tensile loadings that can lead to intense damage modes. Such complex damage modes need to be correctly characterised. When a UHPC sample is subjected to a dynamic tensile loading by means of the spalling technique the post-mortem pattern shows a large number of fractures that cannot be seen with a classical observation of the external face (inner crack network). In the framework of the Brittle’s CODEX chair project, the fracturing process in spalled samples of UHPC is investigated with X-ray computed tomography. The tensile loading is applied thanks to a spalling technique that is based on the reflection of a compressive wave on a free boundary. The concrete samples are entirely scanned using X-ray tomography prior spalling test to identify the initial microstructure, and post spalling test to analyse the damage pattern. Image analysis tools are used in both steps. The main fracturing properties are related to the microstructure of the tested concrete.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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