Development of ECE/ECEI diagnostics and MHD-related studies on HL-2A tokamak
Southwestern Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 432, Chengdu 610041, China .
2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA
3 Institute of Fusion Science, School of Physical Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University Chengdu 610031, China
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Published online: 25 March 2019
A novel 60-channel electron cyclotron emission (ECE) radiometer has been designed and tested for the measurement of electron temperature profiles on the HL-2A tokamak. This system is based on the intermediate frequency division technique, and has the features of wide working frequency range (60−90 GHz) and high temporal-spatial resolution (3 µs, 1 cm), which covers almost the entire plasma region. Also, an electron cyclotron emission imaging (ECEI) system has been developed for studying two dimensional electron temperature fluctuations. It is comprised of several front-end quasi-optical lenses, a 24 channel heterodyne imaging array with a tunable RF frequency range spanning 60−135 GHz, and a set of back-end ECEI electronics that together generate two 24×8 array images of the 2nd harmonic X-mode electron cyclotron emission from the HL-2A plasma. The measurement region can be flexibly shifted due to two independent local oscillator sources, and the field of view can be adjusted easily by changing the position of the zoom lenses as well. The temporal resolution is about 2.5 µs and the achievable spatial resolution is 1 cm. The ECE/ECEI diagnostics have been demonstrated to be powerful tools to study MHD-related physics including the multi-scale interaction between macro-scale MHD and micro-scale turbulence on the HL-2A tokamak.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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