Design and Performance of Microwave Components for ECH and ECE Applications at General Atomics
General Atomics, San Diego, CA, 92121, USA
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 25 March 2019
This paper provides an overview of high power components for the application of Electron Cyclotron Heating transmission lines, and broadband devices for Electron Cyclotron Emission detection systems. The unique fabrication and assembly challenges are discussed, particularly in the context of ITER. The ITER ECH system will require robust, vacuum-compatible components such as polarizers, dummy loads, and switches that are sufficiently cooled to withstand 1 MW for 3,600 seconds. These elements, along with overmoded corrugated waveguide, are necessary to form transmission lines with efficiencies of 90%, and 90% transmitted HE11 mode purity. Recent high power test results are summarized and scaled from the 63.5 mm internal diameter design to the 50 mm diameter version that will be used for ITER. Elements designed for Electron Cyclotron Emission detection and reflectometry systems are discussed, such as frequency filters and polarization rotators. The large frequency operating range of corrugated waveguide is exploited for such applications. The application of additive manufacturing technology towards both low and high power components is considered as a promising new area of development.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.