Monte Carlo track structure simulation in studies of biological effects induced by accelerated charged particles in the central nervous system
1 Laboratory of Radiation Biology, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, 141980, Russia
2 Institute of Physics and Technology, Mongolian Academy of Science, Ulaanbaatar, 13330, Mongolia
3 Division of Natural Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, 210646, Mongolia
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Published online: 3 April 2019
Simulating the biological damage induced by charged particles trajectories (tracks) in the central nervous system (CNS) at different levels of its organization (molecular, cellular, and tissue) is a challenge of modern radiobiology studies. According to the recent experimental studies at particle accelerators, the most radiation-sensitive area of the CNS is the hippocampus. In this regards, the development of measurement-based Monte Carlo simulation of radiation-induced alterations in the hippocampus is of great interest to understand the radiobiological effects on the CNS. The present work investigates the influence of charged particles on the hippocampal cells of the rat brain using the Geant4 Monte Carlo radiation transport code. The applied computer simulation provides a method to simulate physics processes and chemical reactions in the developed model of the rat hippocampus, which contains different types of neural cells - pyramidal cells, mature and immature granular cells, mossy cells, and neural stem cells. The distribution of stochastic energy depositions has been obtained and analyzed in critical structures of the hippocampal neurons after irradiation with 600 MeV/u iron particles. The computed energy deposition in irradiated hippocampal neurons following a track of iron ion suggests that most of the energy is accumulated by granular cells. The obtained quantities at the level of molecular targets also assume that NMDA and GABA receptors belong to the most probable targets in the irradiated neural cells.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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