SCALP: a detector for (n,α) cross-section measurements
Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen, ENSICAEN/Univ.
† Ecole des Applications Militaires de l’Energie Atomique, BP. 19, 50115 Cherbourg Armèes, France
‡ GANIL, Grand Accélérateur National d’Ions Lourds, CEA-DSM/CNRS-IN2P3, BP 55027, 14076 Caen Cedex 5, France
Published online: 20 January 2020
Neutron induced reactions on oxygen have been studied with strong interest because of the uncertainties generated on the helium production in fuel and on the neutron multiplication factor in nuclear reactors , . Still large discrepancies exist and new measurements are welcome in order to acquire new data aiming at the uncertainty reduction .
SCALP (Scintillating ionization Chamber for ALPha particle production in neutron induced reaction) is a new scintillating ionization chamber  used as an active target to measure the cross section of (n, alpha) reactions on various gaseous targets such as 19F or 16O, from the reaction threshold up to 15 MeV. It consists of an ionization chamber filled with CF4 (for fluorine measurements) or CF4+CO2(for oxygen measurements) allowing the detection of the energy deposed by the light charged particles emitted in the (n, alpha) reaction. In addition, four Photo- Multiplier Tubes detect the scintillation light produced by the interaction of the particles in the gas active volume. Taking advantage of the fast response of the scintillation, the neutron kinetic energy can be inferred by time-of-flight measurements. SCALP is then well adapted to mono-energetic neutron beams or to white neutron beams that will be delivered at the NFS Facility .
Because of its good resolution, SCALP discriminates different channel outputs, enabling to disentangle the different reactions . We will present the performances of the SCALP detector in terms of temporal and energetic features. We will also present tests made at the GENESIS plate-form at the LPSC Grenoble .
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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