Timepix3 Luminosity Determination of 13 TeV Proton-Proton Collisions at the ATLAS Experiment
A. Sopczak is with the Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Czech Technical University in Prague, Husova 240/5, CZ-110 00, Czech Republic. (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
Published online: 20 January 2020
Medipix and Timepix devices, installed in the ATLAS cavern at the LHC, have provided valuable complementary luminosity information. Results are presented from measurements with Timepix3 (TPX3) detectors. In contrast with previously employed frame-based data acquisition, the TPX3 detector remains active continuously, sending information on pixel hits as they occur. Hit- and cluster-counting methods were used for the luminosity determination of the LHC protonproton collisions. The LHC luminosity versus time is determined using these two methods and fitted to a simple model, which incorporates luminosity reduction from single bunch and beam-beam interactions. The precision of the luminosity determination could be improved by counting the number of clusters, instead of just pixel hits. The internal precision and long-term stability of the TPX3 luminosity measurement are below 0.5%. TPX3, owing to its 1.56 ns time-tagging, is able to resolve the time structure of the luminosity due to the collisions of individual proton bunches when integrated over an LHC fill.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.