Study of soft photon yield in pp and AA interactions at JINR
1 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research 6 Joliot-Curie St 141980 Dubna, Moscow region, Russia
2 Sukhoi State Technical University of Gomel Prospect Octiabria, 48, 246746 Gomel, Belarus
3 Institute of Physics and Mathematics Komi SC UrD RAS Kommunisticheskaja st., 24, 167000 Syktyvkar, Russia
4 Institute of High Energy Physics Science sq. 1, 142281 Protvino, Russia
5 Institute of Applied Physics Akademicheskaya str. 16, 220072 Minsk, Belarus
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Published online: 16 June 2020
Over 30 years there has been no comprehensive understanding of the mechanism of soft photons (energy smaller than 50 MeV) formation. Experimental data indicate an excess of their yield in hadron and nuclear interactions in comparison with calculations performed in QED. For a more thorough study of this phenomenon at the Nuclotron (a superconducting accelerator in JINR), preliminary measurements have been carried out with using an electromagnetic calorimeter based on BGO crystals. These results are consistent with the world data. In JINR, in connection with the building of a future accelerator complex NICA, it has become possible to carry out such studies in pp, pA and AA interactions at energies up to 25 A GeV. Our group develops the conception of an heterogeneous electromagnetic calorimeter as “spaghetti” and “shashlik” types based on gadolinium gallium garnet (GaGG) crystals with a low threshold for registration of photons. The first tests of prototypes of them manufactured at JINR on the basis of the GaGG and a mixture of tungstate and copper as an absorber are reported.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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