Theoretical Progress at the Frontiers of Small-x Physics
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
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Published online: 16 June 2020
In recent years, the theoretical foundations of small-x physics have made significant advances in two frontiers: higher-order (NLO) corrections and power-suppressed (sub-eikonal) corrections. Among the former are the NLO calculations of the linear (BFKL) and nonlinear (BK-JIMWLK) evolution equations, as well as cross sections for various processes. Among the latter are corrections to the whole framework of high-energy QCD, including new contributions from quarks and spin asymmetries. One common element to both of these frontiers is the appearance of collinear logarithms beyond the leading-order framework. The proper treatment of these logarithms is a major challenge in obtaining physical cross sections at NLO, and they lead to a new double-logarithmic resummation parameter which governs spin at small x. In this paper, I will focus on the role of these collinear logarithms in both frontiers of small-x physics, as well as give a brief sample of other recent advances in its theoretical foundations.
The authors acknowledge support from the US-DOE Nuclear Science Grant No. DE-SC0019175, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, and the Zuckerman STEM Leadership Program.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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