Flows of cohesive granular media
Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IUSTI UMR7343, Marseille, France
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Published online: 7 June 2021
Cohesive granular media have broad applications in industries. However, our understanding of their flow behavior is still limited compared to dry granular media, although rich knowledge about their static and plastic properties has been gained. In this paper, we provide some insights into the flow behavior of cohesive granular media from our recent numerical studies using an inclined plane and a plane shear cell. We evidence that the cohesive nature of flows is significantly affected by material properties of the particles like stiffness and inelasticity in addition to the inter-particle adhesion and introduce the concept of “effective” adhesion, which incorporates the effects of these three variables. We propose constitutive relations involving dimensionless inertial number and “effective” cohesion number, based on the “effective” adhesion to describe the rheology. We also show that increasing adhesion increases the hysteresis in granular media, evidencing the existence of a prominent shear weakening branch in the friction coefficient versus inertial number rheological curve. Moreover, we reveal that this increasing hysteresis gives rise to the increasing occurrence of shear banding instability, pointing to the increasing possibility of jamming in cohesive granular media. Finally, we present a promising experimental approach to investigate the flow behavior of cohesive granular materials, based on a simple method of preparing a long time stable medium with a controlled adhesion between particles.
A video is available at https://doi.org/10.48448/zsev-jh63
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.