Consititutive modeling of time-dependent flows in frictional suspensions
DAMTP, Centre for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge, CB3 0WA, United Kingdom
Published online: 7 June 2021
This paper summarizes recent joint work towards a constitutive modelling framework for dense granular suspensions. The aim is to create a time-dependent, tensorial theory that can implement the physics described in steady state by the Wyart-Cates model. This model of shear thickening suspensions supposes that lubrication films break above a characteristic normal force so that frictional contact forces come into play: the resulting non-sliding constraints can be enough to rigidify a system that would flow freely at lower stresses . Implementing this idea for time-dependent flows requires the introduction of new concepts including a configuration-dependent ‘jamming coordinate’, alongside a decomposition of the velocity gradient tensor into compressive and extensional components which then enter the evolution equation for particle contacts in distinct ways. The resulting approach [2, 3] is qualitatively successful in addressing (i) the collapse of stress during flow reversal in shear flow, and (ii) the ability of transverse oscillatory flows to unjam the system. However there is much work required to refine this approach towards quantitative accuracy, by incorporating more of the physics of contact evolution under flow as determined by close interrogation of particle-based simulations.
A video is available at https://doi.org/10.48448/1ztk-h896
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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