A new method for determination of plastic deformation properties at high strain rate and its modelling
Institute of Automotive Lightweight Design, University Siegen, D-57076 Siegen, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 September 2021
The determination of material properties under high speed loading is a challenge. The system ringing in a conventional servo-hydraulic tensile testing machine deteriorates the quality of force measurement, which makes a precise determination of yield locus, strain hardening and fracture strain difficult. In this work, the system ringing effect of the entire tensile testing system were analyzed. It was determined that the ringing of the system is location and geometry dependent. A new type of tensile sample has been developed. Beside of the usual major plastic deformation area, it has an additional elastic area, within which a locally restricted secondary minor plastic deformation takes place. This very small plastic deformation absorbs the elastic vibrations in this area. Therefore, the deformation forces can be measured by strain gauge without any ringing effect. The plastic deformation behavior of materials can be determined for a wide range of strain rate of 0.0001 - 1000 /s exactly. To explain the functionality and the physical background of the new sample, based on the equations for one-dimensional stress waves and theory of the stress wave attenuation due to dislocation motions, a simplified beam model with analytical formulations could be established und programmed in MATLAB. Verifications show a good prediction of sample geometry using this simplified model.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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