Experimental analysis of high velocity impacts of composite fragments on aluminium plates
Department of Continuum Mechanics and Structural Analysis, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganés, Spain
2 IDOM, Spain
3 Institute IMDEA Materials, C/Eric Kandel 2, 28906 Getafe, Madrid, Spain
4 AIRBUS, Spain
Published online: 9 September 2021
The improvement of engines is one of the ways to diminish the fuel consumption in civil aircrafts, and Open Rotors engines are one of the best promises in order to achieve a sensible efficiency increment. These engines have large composite blades that could, in the event of failure, impact against the fuselage, totally or partially. In this case, composite fragments could behave as impactors. In order to design fuselages for this event and adopt these new engines in the future, it is necessary to understand the impact behaviour of a composite fragment against a deformable structure. To this end, unidirectional and woven composites fragments were impacted at high velocity (up to 150 m/s) against aluminium panels at different impact velocities. The composite fragments were made using AS4/8552 (UD) and AGP-193PW (woven) prepregs manufactured by Hexcel Composites, both using AS4 fibres and 8552 epoxy matrix. High speed video cameras were used to record the impact process and to measure both the impact and the residual velocity and hence the energy absorbed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.