Strain rate and temperature dependent strain localization of dynamically stretched lightweight bars: from metal to polymer
Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3PJ, U.K.
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Published online: 9 September 2021
This work studies the dynamic strain localization and constitutive relationship of a Ti3Al2.5V alloy in jet engine containment system and a transparent polycarbonate conceived for aircraft canopy application by Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique from quasi-static condition to high strain rates at different temperatures. The responses of two materials show significant strain rate and temperature sensitivities. Observations of Ti3Al2.5V alloy show that the dynamic local strain rate can reach values up to 1000 % of the nominal strain rate in the necking zone. However, dynamic local strain rate of polycarbonate soars up during strain softening then decreases rapidly with necking propagation, and eventually becomes 20 % of the nominal strain rate until fracture. Appropriate viscoplastic constitutive models are determined for both materials, which are incorporated in finite element simulations to reveal the trend of dynamic local strain rate evolution in dynamic tensile tests. The present work shows two different kinds of strain localization in typical lightweight materials, which should be addressed carefully from Split Hopkinson Tension Bar (SHTB) tests.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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