Constraints on the speed of sound of dense nuclear matter through the tidal deformability of neutron stars
Department of Theoretical Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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Published online: 10 September 2021
One of the greatest interest and open problems in nuclear physics is the upper limit of the speed of sound in dense nuclear matter. Neutron stars, both in isolated and binary system cases, constitute a very promising natural laboratory for studying this kind of problem. This present work is based on one of our recent study, regarding the speed of sound and possible constraints that we can obtain from neutron stars. To be more speciﬁc, in the core of our study lies the examination of the speed of sound through the measured tidal deformability of a binary neutron star system (during the inspiral phase). The relation between the maximum neutron star mass scenario and the possible upper bound on the speed of sound is investigated. The approach that we used follows the contradiction between the recent observations of binary neutron star systems, in which the effective tidal deformability favors softer equations of state, while the high measured masses of isolated neutron stars favor stiffer equations of state. In our approach, we parametrized the stiffness of the equation of state by using the speed of sound. Moreover, we used the two recent observations of binary neutron star mergers from LIGO/VIRGO, so that we can impose robust constraints on the speed of sound. Furthermore, we postulate the kind of future measurements that could be helpful by imposing more stringent constraints on the equation of state.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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