High optical quality models for flow visualization and PIV measurement
J.E. Purkyně University in Usti nad Labem, Institute of Machinery and Energetics, 40096 Usti nad Labem, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 11 July 2022
Visualization of internal flow or PIV measurements in areas of real pipe elements is a method commonly used in flow studies. For these applications, transparent models with very complex internal geometries are required. Key features of the model are the high-quality optical access, which ideally allows to obtain image of the whole measured area without deformation and with noise suppression. The technology of 3d printing in combination with casting allows the production of almost any type of transparent models of piping elements. Models produced using this technique have almost ideal optical properties. By using index-matching fluid, optical distortions as well as reflections and refractions of light on the inner edges of the model are suppressed. The paper presents the results of visualization and 2D PIV measurements in the model of the globe valve with adjustable valve plug. The valve’s inner geometry was rapid prototyped using a water-soluble material and casted with clear silicone Sylgard 184 under vacuum. The model exhibits excellent optical properties for PIV measurements, especially in the vicinity of walls.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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