Experimental investigation of homogeneous nucleation of water in various gases using an expansion chamber
Institute of Thermomechanics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v. v. i. Dolejškova 5, CZ-182 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic
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Published online: 11 July 2022
Nucleation is an integral part of phase transitions and plays an important role in technology. The control of nucleation in devices such as turbines, rocket and jet engines, wind tunnels, and combustion processes is key to achieving efficient, ecologically sound operation. Our paper presents information about a modernized experimental setup used for homogeneous water nucleation research. The main goal of the study is an analysis of the influence of carrier gas on homogeneous nucleation. The experimental setup based on an expansion chamber has been used for research of homogeneous nucleation over several decades and has undergone various technical improvements. In the Institute of Thermomechanics, the setup was been completely disassembled and cleaned. Pressure transducers, laser, and the data acquisition system have been replaced with modern parts. After that, the chamber was assembled, and thoroughly tested and calibrated. Our investigations were carried with argon and nitrogen as carrier gases in a range of nucleation temperatures 220 – 260 K, pressure range 80-150 kPa, at several concentrations of water vapour. The results thus obtained are consistent with literature data. The findings suggest that this experimental approach is useful for homogeneous water nucleation research.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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