Fabrication and characterization of high-resolution 4H-SiC epitaxial radiation detectors for challenging reactor dosimetry environments
Department of Electrical Engineering, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
2 Ruddy Consulting, 2162 Country Manor Dr., Mount Pleasant, SC 28466, USA
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 2 March 2023
Reactor dosimetry environments require radiation detectors that are capable of operating at high temperatures in extremely high neutron and gamma-ray dose rates. Silicon carbide (SiC) is one of the most promising wide bandgap semiconductors (3.27 eV) for harsh environment applications due to its radiation hardness, high breakdown voltage, high electron saturation velocity, and high thermal conductivity. In this paper, we summarize the prospect of Schottky barrier radiation detectors, fabricated on highly crystalline low-defect detector-grade n-type 4H-SiC epitaxial layers with thickness ranging from 20 to 250 lm, for harsh environment applications. A comprehensive discussion on the characterization of the parameters that influence the energy resolution has been included. The usage of electrical and radiation spectroscopic measurements for characterizing the junction and rectification properties, minority carrier diffusion lengths, and energy resolution has been elaborated. Characterization of crucial factors that limit the energy resolution of the detectors such as charge trap centers using thermally stimulated transient techniques is summarized. Finally, the effect of neutron fluence on the performance of the 4H-SiC detectors is discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
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