EPJ E Highlight - Distortion isn’t a drag on fluid-straddling particles

Straddling particles deform fluid interfaces.

The drag forces experienced by particles which straddle and distort the interfaces between un-mixable fluids are less influenced by the shape of the distortion than previously thought.

Some intriguing physics can be found at the interfaces between fluids, particularly if they are straddled by particles like proteins or dust grains. When placed between un-mixable fluids such as oil and water, a variety of processes, including inter-molecular interactions, will cause the particles to move around. These motions are characterised by the drag force experienced by the particles, which is itself thought to depend on the extent to which they distort fluid interfaces. So far, however, experiments investigating the intriguing effect haven’t yet fully confirmed the influence of this distortion. In new research published in EPJ E, a team led by Jean-Christophe Loudet at the University of Bordeaux, France, showed that the drag force experienced by fluid-straddling particles is less affected by interface distortion than previously believed.

Since drag forces are ubiquitous in fluids, the team’s discovery could be relevant to the self-assembling properties of a great variety of species which can stick, or ‘adsorb’ to liquid surfaces, including nano- and microparticles, proteins, and other groups of molecules. For the relatively large particles investigated by Loudet and colleagues, interfacial distortions arise from the buoyant weight of straddling particles. This force produces curved menisci in both fluids, similar to the curves found on the surface of water as it touches a glass.

In their study, the researchers approached this problem numerically using techniques for simulating multi-phase flows, capable of accurately describing how the interfacial dynamics were coupled to flows in the bulk of each fluid. This allowed them to explore how drag forces are affected by interface deformations, which depend on factors including the densities of the two fluids and the particle, and the contact angles between the three substances. Loudet’s team revealed that for some values of these parameters, large drag forces don’t necessarily correspond to large interfacial distortions, and that lower drag forces can even be reached through non-flat distortions.

This was our first experience of publishing with EPJ Web of Conferences. We contacted the publisher in the middle of September, just one month prior to the Conference, but everything went through smoothly. We have had published MNPS Proceedings with different publishers in the past, and would like to tell that the EPJ Web of Conferences team was probably the best, very quick, helpful and interactive. Typically, we were getting responses from EPJ Web of Conferences team within less than an hour and have had help at every production stage.
We are very thankful to Solange Guenot, Web of Conferences Publishing Editor, and Isabelle Houlbert, Web of Conferences Production Editor, for their support. These ladies are top-level professionals, who made a great contribution to the success of this issue. We are fully satisfied with the publication of the Conference Proceedings and are looking forward to further cooperation. The publication was very fast, easy and of high quality. My colleagues and I strongly recommend EPJ Web of Conferences to anyone, who is interested in quick high-quality publication of conference proceedings.

On behalf of the Organizing and Program Committees and Editorial Team of MNPS-2019, Dr. Alexey B. Nadykto, Moscow State Technological University “STANKIN”, Moscow, Russia. EPJ Web of Conferences vol. 224 (2019)

ISSN: 2100-014X (Electronic Edition)

© EDP Sciences