Superconducting fluctuations and pseudogap in high-Tc cuprates
1 Service de Physique de l’Etat Condensé, Orme des Merisiers, CEA Saclay (CNRS URA 2464), 91191 Gif sur Yvette cedex, France
2 Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, UMR CNRS 8502, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
Large pulsed magnetic fields up to 60 Tesla are used to suppress the contribution of superconducting fluctuations (SCF) to the ab-plane conductivity above Tc in a series of YBa2Cu3O6+x. These experiments allow us to determine the field Hc’(T) and the temperature Tc’ above which the SCFs are fully suppressed. A careful investigation near optimal doping shows that Tc’ is higher than the pseudogap temperature T*, which is an unambiguous evidence that the pseudogap cannot be assigned to preformed pairs. Accurate determinations of the SCF contribution to the conductivity versus temperature and magnetic field have been achieved. They can be accounted for by thermal fluctuations following the Ginzburg-Landau scheme for nearly optimally doped samples. A phase fluctuation contribution might be invoked for the most underdoped samples in a T range which increases when controlled disorder is introduced by electron irradiation. Quantitative analysis of the fluctuating magnetoconductance allows us to determine the critical field Hc2(0) which is found to be be quite similar to Hc’ (0) and to increase with hole doping. Studies of the incidence of disorder on both Tc’ and T* allow us to to propose a three dimensional phase diagram including a disorder axis, which allows to explain most observations done in other cuprate families.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012