Proceedings

EPJ D Colloquium - One Hundred Years of the Franck-Hertz Experiment

Schematic representation of the Franck-Hertz experiment

The seminal 1914 experiment of James Franck and Gustav Hertz provided a graphic demonstration of the quantisation properties of atoms, and thereby laid the foundations of modern atomic physics. This EPJ D colloquium revisits the experiment on the occasion of its Centenary and compares the traditional and modern interpretations, as well as highlighting the link between microscopic processes, which are governed by the laws of quantum mechanics, and macroscopic phenomena, as observed in the laboratory.

The aim of this review is to place the physics underlying the operation of the Franck-Hertz experiment within the context of contemporary gaseous electronics, and to that end a result dating back even further, namely the 1872 kinetic equation of Ludwig Boltzmann, is revisited. It is also shown how the Franck-Hertz experiment can be modelled using fluid equations and Monte-Carlo simulations, and finally how the non-local effects, resonances and striations observed in plasmas have much in common with the electron physics in the drift region of the Franck-Hertz experiment.

This year we decided to make the proceedings of the Workshop available to a wider scientific audience than in previous years. Choosing the media for publishing the papers we had two goals in mind. Firstly, we would like the papers to be in open access, and, secondly, to be indexed in major scientific databases (most notably in Scopus). Among the available choices, we opted for publication in EPJ Web of Conferences due to its international reputation and flexible policy in terms of papers format and publication pricing. The publishing procedure with EPJ was pleasant and smooth, all technical questions were solved in a fast and professional manner. Looking forwards to future collaborations with EPJ Web of Conferences.

Sergey Mishakin, Institute of Applied Physics, Russia
Scientific Secretary of the Workshop, EPJ Web of Conferences vol. 149 (2017)

ISSN: 2100-014X (Electronic Edition)

© EDP Sciences